IELTS ライティング問題形式「Disucssion Opinion」の書き方

IELTS ライティング タスク2の 「Discussion Opinion エッセイ」について

Discussion opinion essay」とは、「disucuss」のパートと「opinion」を言うパートが合体した形式で、2つの意見のうち自分がどちらの意見を支持するか決めるものです。

自分の意見を言う (opinion) エッセイには違いがありませんが、自分の意見とは反対の意見も支える(肩を持つ)必要があるエッセイタイプですので、そこが 「opinion essay」 とは違うところです。

IELTSアカデミックのタスク2で一番頻繁に出るタイプです。試験官が求めているのは、自分の意見でない方も公平に客観的に述べられているかどうかです。ここが「 discussion essay」 とも似ています。



Discussion opinion essayの構成


TIPS:ボディー1は自分の意見ではないことをはっきりと伝えるために、”Those who believe (cell phone is beneficial) might think that…”のように「スマホが利益をもたらすと思う他の人々は 」と、あくまで予測した意見であることを一貫して示さなくてはなりません。そのため、”can”, “may” などの助動詞、または、”some”, “many”, “often”, “sometimes” といった、断定を避ける表現を使うことが多くなります。


 “presents a clear position throughout the response”

IELTS Writing Task 2 Band Discriptorsより参照

「That being said,」    

Discussion opinion essay の3つの設問のタイプ

Discussion opinion エッセイには設問タイプが3つあります。

【Discussion / opinion essay type の例題 1】

Some people believe that studying at university or college is the best route to a successful career, while others believe that it is better to get a job straight after school. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.
【Discussion / opinion essay type の例題 2】

It is a common aspiration among many young people to run their own business, rather than work for an employer. Do you think the advantages of working for yourself outweigh the drawbacks? 
【Discussion / opinion essay type の例題 3】

Many people work long hours, leaving very little time for leisure activities.
Does this situation have more advantages or more disadvantages?

Discussion opinion essayの解答例


【例題 】

It is a common aspiration among many young people to run their own business, rather than work for an employer. Do you think the advantages of working for yourself outweigh the drawbacks?


These days, it is a common aim of many people leaving university to try to start up their own company. I agree with this point of view, but it is important to bear in mind that running a company does not suit everybody.

このように問題文の言い換えと自分の意見(ここでは “running business” に同意)を言います。

It is undeniable that running business is risky. If there is an economic downturn, or you you make mistakes in your business decisions, your company can go bankrupt, which can mean that you lose everything and you have to lay off your staff. some people does not want to take that heavy responsibilities of business decisions and employment. Moreover, it is very hard to switch off at weekends, because the business is always in the back of your mind.

自分と反対の意見(”running business” に反対)を肯定する理由を先に述べます。

Having said that, I believe that there are several benefits of setting up your own business. For me, the main one is that you have room to be creative. Instead of having to follow your employer’s decisions, you can set the goals for the business yourself, which means that your feel more in control. This generally results in people feeling happier in their job. In addition, you can also keep the profits if they company i successful. If all goes well, you will earn far more than if you work for someone else. For instance, if you set up your own graphic -design company, and you build a good reputation, you will be able to make substantial profits. you will therefore be more motivated to work hard in order to make a success of your company. 

ボディー2では 自分の(”running business” に同意)の意見を述べます。

In conclusion, although there is no doubt that there are some risks associated with running your own business, I believe that the benefits outweigh the drawbacks, however, it should be said that not everyone is a risk-taker and prefer to work for someone else. 

まとめでは、問題文の言い換えに加えて、自分がどちらの意見を支持するのか、その理由を簡潔に述べます。上記のように “although” を使うとすっきりまとまります。

IELTS ライティング Task 2の他のエッセイタイプの詳細は

Discussion opinion essayの構成と書き方 まとめ

Discussion opinion essay タイプでは、どちらの意見も平等に論じる (discussion) 必要がありますが、同時に、自分の立場をエッセイの中で一貫させなければなりません。「イントロ」、「ボディー1・2」、「結論」の全ての段落を通して自分の主張を保つ必要があります。

Metropolitan Academy of English

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